16 March 2018

EFFECTS OF BOOK HARAM INSURGENCY ON NIGERIA SECURITY

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EFFECTS OF BOOK HARAM INSURGENCY ON NIGERIA SECURITY  

https://www.educationinfo.com.ng/2018/03/effects-of-book-haram-insurgency-on-NIGERIA-SECURITY.html

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
              Nothing is scintillating like a vision nuture to reality, in this sense, I say Al-hamdullilahiRobeel Al-amen, all praises, honor, glory adorations goes to Almighty Allah, the lord of lords, king of kings and the master of all. For his incomparable mercy, goodness, favor and support towards seeing me through my vision come to reality, and his protections on me throughout my stay on campus.
              I heartily expressed my profound gratitude to my parents for their advice, encouragement, and supports; financially, morally and spiritually throughout my academic pursuits. I do not know how best to appreciate your relentless efforts towards my success in life, but I pray that you live to reap the dividence of your efforts on me (Insha Allah).
              My appreciation also goes to my supervisor, Alhaji Dr. K.K Busari, who is also the chief Imam of the college for his encouragement and invaluable support during this study, the grace of Almighty Allah shall continue to be with you, when you need God you shall find him. I eulogize the supports and efforts of my lecturers, Dr. M.K Aliu, Mr. AlabiWilliems, Dr. Odekunle, Mr. Adedokun, Mr. Baderinwa, Mr. Olatunji, Pastor Lana, Mr. Adekunle, Mrs. Opeloye, Mr. Oyekanmi, and chiefDr. Mrs. Aromolaran for their contributions to my academic life. I am very proud of passing through your leadership and guidance.
              My heartfelt appreciation equally goes to the members of olatunbosun family (my brothers and sisters) who contributed in a way or the other to my educational career, God will spare our lives to enjoy his goodness on the soil of the living. 
              I heartily express my gratitude to; Engr. KazeemOlatunbosun and family, Engr. Olatunbosun Abdul Jaleel, Bother KabirOlatunbosun, Sister Mariam Olatunbosun, Mallam Yusuf and AishatOlatunbosun, Fatimah and Abdul Hameed Abdul Rasheed, I say thank you all.
              I equally acknowledge and appreciate Honorable Israel AjibolaFamurewa, the federal honorable representing Ijesa South federal constituency (Atakumosa East and West, Ilesa East and West) at the national assembly Abuja.
              My gratitude also goes to the national and campus members of African movement for freedom and justice (AMFJ), friends and course mates; Comr. AndeAdeolu, (Africa), Comr. OdutolaOlaniyi (Neyo), Comr. AyansijiAbiodunRasaq (Castro), Comr. Ibrahim Yusuf Olanrewaju (simple), Comr. OgunmodedeSurajudeen (Hegemony), Comr. Awo-sam, Comr. Alugbin Mathew, Comr. AfolabiAbdulkabir, Comr. NurudeeenOladejo, Comr.OjoOluwole, Comr. OjoOluwafem, Comr.Ebony. Comr. AbiolaMoshood, AderibigheDotun, Musa Ojo, FadetiOluwasegun, AdeoyeAkeem,, AbdullateefTaiwoOyedun, AbdulsalamMuinat, AdeoyeOluwakemi, jimohAminatAdeola, OrisawaleMusbaudeen, BusariFatimat, Comr. Ola Olawale, Comr. AyansijiAmidat, Comr. FaleyeOpeyemi, Ope Gold, HabeebAdewale, OrimadegunOluwadamilola, Bukola, AbdulsalamMuinat, Ajibola, Mr. DapoAjayi, Mr. TundeOladepo, Mr. OshoOlabode, OlaoreNaheem, Zacheaus, OlajideJendor, Oluwagboyega Joseph, Mr. Kenny Afolabi, OkobajuRidwan, Adepoju, Mariam, Alao M. Adeolu, OyinlolaAdebolaShakirat, and AbdulwarisAyomideAlade (My boy). Thank you all for your various support, effort, love and care shown to me towards actualizing my dream, God bless you.
              Finally, I wish to express my sincere and special gratitude to the woman of my dream, my fiancé, Miss AbdulsalamIdiatTemilade, for the love, care and affections I enjoyed from you while on campus and during the period of writing this project. Now I believe truly that “behind every successful man, there is always a woman”. Your effort in life shall not be in vain, thank you, God bless you abundantly.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE-          -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -I
CERTIFICATE-      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           II
DEDICATION-        -           -           -           -           -                       -           --          -III
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT- -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -IV
TABLE OF CONTENTS-   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -VII
ABSTRACT-            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -X
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION-    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -1
1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY-            -           -           -           -           -           -1
1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM-            -           -           -           -           -           -2
1.3       OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY-        -           -           -           -           -           -3
1.4       RESEARCH QUESTIONS-  -           -           -           -           -           -           -3
1.5       RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS-           -           -           -           -           -           -           -4
1.6       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY-            -           -           -           -           -           -4
1.7       SCOPE OF THE STUDY-     -           -           -           -           -           -           -5
1.8       DEFINITION OF TERMS-   -           -           -           -           -           -           -5
CHAPTER TWO
2.1       LITERATURE RREVIEW   -           -           -           -           -           -           -8
2.2       THE ORIGIN OD BOKO-HARAM-           -           -           -           -           -           -11
2.3       TH IDEOLOGY OF BOKO-HARAM-        -           -           -           -           -12
2.4       DEMISE OF INSECURITY IN NIGERIA-            -           -           -           -           -13
2.5       RECORDS OF BOKO-HARAM INSURGENCY IN NIGERIA- -           -15
2.6       NEW ACCOUNT OF BOKO-HARAM ACTIVITIES-      -           -           -16
CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY-     -           -           -           -           -           -           -34
3.2       INTRODUCTION-    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -34
3.2       RESEARCH DESIGN-         -           -           -           -           -           -           -34
3.3       AREA AND POPULATIION OF THE STUDY-    -           -           -           -35
3.5       INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION-         -           -           -           -36
3.6       VALIDATION OF THE INSTRUMENT-   -           -           -           -           -36
3.7       RELIABILITY OF THE INSTRUMENT-   -           -           -           -           -37
3.8       METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION-        -           -           -           -           -37
3.9       METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS-  -           -           -           -           -           -38
CHAPTER FOUR
4.1       ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH QUESTIONS-          -           -           -           -39
4.2       TESTING OF HYPOTHESIS-          -           -           -           -           -           -45
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIIONS-   -           -           -57
5.1       SUMMMARY AND FINDINGS-    -           -           -           -           -           -57
5.2       CONCLUSION-        -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -59
5.3       RECOMMENDATIONS-     -           -           -           -           -           -           -60
REFERENCES-         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -61

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ABSTRACT
The objectives of this project is to examine activities and consequences of Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria for years, it is also to recommend effective strategies anchored on peace and conflict resolution initiatives inclusive of pacifism to complement other measures towards ending Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. This study adopts an all embracing and integrated perspective of terrorism. Such approach harnesses crucial elements or manifestations of terrorism contained in various definitions of the concept. The approach is very relevant to fuller understanding and comprehensive articulation of strategies for effective resolution of terrorism in the Nigerian political system. The paper highlighted the toll in people killed, seriously injured, disappeared or abducted, property loss or damages due to Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. The paper also argued that strategies adopted by Government have recorded limited success because crucial elements like conflict resolution, improvements in social services, and pacifism were yet to be accorded optimum attention. On the contrary, military response considered as only slightly relevant in this paper, has been over emphasized in Nigeria’s current response to seem to Boko Haram terrorist insurgence in her area. The paper emphasized that the war on terror is more than just the prevention of terrorist operations but must be comprehensive and promote cooperation that could attack the premise of terrorism and address the root causes, the enablers, and the operations. It recommended a quadruple action package involving limited military response, improved social services, conflict resolution initiatives and pacifism. The advantage of the package is that it has an obligation to provide not just security, but hope and progress without apprehensions of injustice and discrimination by parties involved in the initial conflict. In this context, people are empowered in a positive way within the social system and they contribute to make their nation work rather than embark protest terrorist activities.

 CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1             BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
              The current general state of insecurity in Nigeria as a Country has lent weight to the report. It must be recalled that while the report was released at the advent of the so-called Nigerians Niger-Delta Crisis, since then several acts of bombing and killings by the extremists’ sect; “Boko-Haram” has increased the carnage between the ethnic Biron and the Hausa/Fulanis in Jos, and the political violence that followed immediately after the 2011 general elections results were announced, mostly in the northern parts of the country.  Nigeria have further cremated the insecure state of the country (Alemika,  2014).
At the point when the criminal examination Agency (CIA) report of 2005 anticipated the crumple of Nigeria in around (15) fifteen years to the report in Nigeria around 15 year time, nationalists and commentators alike responded diversely to the report. To me as much as I needed to talk about it, something continued niggling at the forefront of my thoughts this may be time prophetic investigation of the province of Nigeria. Most in light of the fact that the criminal examination Agencies are trustworthy in its security investigation all things considered, they didn't hit the nail on the head to 9/11/2011 from happening however occasions in Nigeria appeared to recommend that while different nations in the sub-area were creating, Nigeria was retrogressing in spite of its claim to democracy(Albert, 2013). 

The present general condition of an indistinguishable frailty from thesubject matter, the security move it have to province of Nigeria is better comprehend against existing confirmation that even government authorities and customary rulers are not saved. 

We have perused of murdering focused against the administrators and the legal branch of government, and furthermore their relatives. This lamentably, has prompted some of these authorities moving their families outside the geo-political zones or outside the nation itself. Consequently leaving regular citizen populace helpless before the 

Raiding group. Curing proof recommend that Abuja and Lagos that were once respected weakness states are presently goal of decision of many, and Ghana, for the individuals who can manage the cost of what the legislature of the South-West and that of South-South have appeared by such act is that they don't have the ability to secure their kin against brutality or dangers of savagery and that they couldn't care less about the welfare of the people(Aldag, and Fuller, 2009). 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 


1. Mass slaughtering of poor Nigerians, seizing and suicide bombarding frighten off outside and worldwide speculator. 

2. The circumstance of the Nigerian state is viewed as a danger to national solidarity. 

3. People leaving their own dad land to different nations of the world. 

4. Limit the nation's capacities of improvement monetarily. 

5. Increase in the quantity of inside dislodged people (IDP) of the nation. 

6. People living ceaseless to impediments and confinement of development and making a trip starting with one state then onto the next, particularly in the northern piece of Nigeria.
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1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY 


The fundamental goal of this examination is to explore the different issues of weakness in Nigeria, and furthermore to give a conceivable arrangements and to similarly make proposals to the legislature and each other concern associations, or person. The investigation in particular term needs; 

a. To research the reasons for Boko-Haram rebellion in Nigeria. 

b. To look at the impact of Boko-Haram revolt to Nigeria. 

c. To propose arrangements that will annihilate Boko-Haram rebellion in Nigeria. 

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 


a. What are the reasons for Boko-Haram uprising in Nigeria? 

b. What are the impacts of Boko-Haram rebellion in Nigeria? 

c. What are the prompt answers for the issues of Boko-Haram insurrection in Nigeria? 

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS 


The accompanying speculation is hypothesized with the end goal of this exploration work, they incorporate; 

1. There is no noteworthy connection between the level of un-business and uprising in Nigeria. 

2. There is no noteworthy connection between the level of instruction and uprising in the Northern Eastern piece of Nigeria. 

3. There is no noteworthy connection between the legislative arrangements on the North-Easterners and the Boko-Haram uprising in the district. 

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 


The importance of the examination is to distinguish the impacts of uprising in Nigeria, the investigation will empower us to get helpful data about the security challenges in Nigeria. The majority are essential the real beneficiary of each issue identifying with the insufficiency of both the legislature and the security offices or both of them. The journey for giving route advances to the challengesis the obligation of the considerable number of natives of the nation. 

The investigation will likewise convey to fore, the correct need of the legislature and the security organizations, to empower them perform magnificently well towards giving answers for the suicide aircraft known as Boko-Haram. 
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1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 


For the extent of the examination, the exploration is constrained to a few states in the Northern piece of the nation, despite the fact that in the Southern piece of the nation there are likewise difficulties of weakness distinguished in this exploration work, the difficulties could be followed to the Niger-Delta states, especially, the Bayalsa, Delta and River States. 

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS 


a. INSECURITY: this is a circumstance in which, the lives and properties of the general population of a specific geological region or group couldn't be ensured by the state security organizations. Additionally a circumstance in which the lives and properties of a specific place or state are not secured and not in a sheltered conditions. 

b. STATE: a state is a sorted out political group with all mechanical assembly of the administration domain in which the presence of such a group shaped piece of the Federal Republic, it could likewise be considered as a composed political, financial and socio-social group controlled by a constituted body known as the legislature. 

c. SECURITY:the exercises includes the insurances of a group, state and nation on the loose. The general population and the political structures against all of assault. 
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Security is additionally a condition of feeling cheerful and safe from perils and stresses. 

d. Book-Haram: this is a Hausa expression that signifies "Book is mischievous", "Boko" implies western Education while "Haram" implies underhanded. Book-Haram is an egotistical shrewd, psychological militant gathering, Antigovernment development and association. 

Book-Haram is likewise a revolt group, non-Islamic development situated in the North-Eastern piece of Nigeria. The organization is frequently confused for religious development or gathering, however it is past religion. It is more political than religion, it is fundamentally political built up development, shaped to shield certain political enthusiasm for the North-Eastern especially in Bornu State, yet occupied its philosophy from that. 

Definitively, it is critical to note, in view of the financial exercises of the northern locale and that of Nigeria by and large. The activities and presence of the group is a risk to the Nation's economy development. 

e. STATE: the current state of a man, gathering of individuals or place. It is a man's sentiments or the people groups condition and the perspective. 

f. INSURGENCY: an endeavor to take control of the nation with for forceusually by unapproved set of individuals or the dissidents. It is a resistance demonstration against the sitting legislature of a specific nation.

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