31 January 2018

INFLUENCE OF PEER GROUP ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF BASIC SCHOOL LEARNERS 1-5

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INFLUENCE OF PEER GROUP ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF BASIC SCHOOL LEARNERS IN ATAKUMOSA WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT OSUN STATE NIGERIA.

NOTE: PROJECT CODE:educationinfo005


https://www.educationinfo.com.ng/2018/01/complete-project-1-5-influence-of-peer-group-on-accademics-achievement-of-basic-school-learners.html

 TITLE PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENT
CERTIFICATION
DEDICATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
TABLE OF CONTENT
ABSTRACT
CONTENT
REFERENCES
TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1     Background to the Study
1.2     Statement of the Problem
1.3     Hypothesis
1.4     Purpose of the Study
1.5     Significance of the Study
1.6     Scope of the Study
1.7     Operational Definition of Terms
CHAPTER TWO
2.1     Literature Review
2.2     Peer Effects on Academic Achievement
2.3     School groups and peer motivation

 CHAPTER THREE
3.1     Research Methodology
3.2     Population and Sampling Techniques
3.3     Instrumentation
3.4     Method of Data Collection
3.5     Method of Data Analysis
CHAPTER FOUR
4.1    Analysis of Data 
4.2     Findings
CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1     Summary
5.2     Conclusion
5.3     Recommendation
5.4     Suggestion for further studies
5.5     References
5.6     Appendix


  Bibliography
ABSTRACT
This study investigated the influence of peer group on academic achievement of students in selected basic school in Atakumosa west local government of Osun state.
          The study covered four schools in the local government. The result of basic three certificate examination was examined on one hundred and twenty students.
          It was observed that peer group is a common phenomenon in schools. It has a strong influence on academic achievement of students. From the findings girls are influenced than boys.
      It was observed that peer effects can be both positive and negative.
          The researcher recommends that basic school students should promote positive peer groups. Weak student should endeavour to peer with high achievers.
Equally, parents should guide their children not to keep bad company and there should be provision for more counsellors in basic school to guide the students

CHAPTER ONE
                INTRODUCTION
1.1      BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
          As per Muma (1985), the general accomplishment of any youngster is a bye result of the communication amongst condition and hereditory. Nonetheless, it is extremely hard to completely say which one assumes the most vital part. In the meantime it is the general agreement that condition help in completing the set target. It is under condition that we have the accompanying factors social monetary status of the guardians, parental instruction among others. 

Scientist have demonstrated that various components decided the accomplishment and advancement of youths. Super and Erites (1962), Chartan (1982) have organized the determinant or relationships of scholastics accomplishment and a few states of mind. These components as indicated by them including sex, part, age, religion, family, foundation, companions, peer impact identity/self idea and character intrigue, esteem, societal weights, characteristic or individual properties, require, sort of school went to, disposition ecological effect and measure of vocation data accessible to the understudies. 

Alexander and Compel (1904) say teenagers are insubordinate and tend to dismiss counsel and heading from grown-ups. They have high respect from kids and their companion amass than for grown-up and for that associate gathering impact in immature takes need over that of the homes and schools. 

Youthful starts when youngsters enter the pubescence arrange. What's more, proceed until the point that they are sexually develops. They achieved their most extreme development in stature and in mental capacity and this range is regular between the age of 12 and mid 20s. 
Nonetheless, with developing mindfulness that the amount and nature of an understudy association with different understudies to decide, all things considered, the quality and amount of different adapting, at that point it appears to be obvious that there is a connection between the companion decision and scholastic accomplishment. 

1.2. Proclamation OF THE PROBLEM 

- Is there any connection between aggregate impact and scholarly accomplishments of understudies. 

- Does understudy in optional schools in Atakumosa west nearby government really impact in any capacity by their companions 

- Are understudies in fundamental schools in Atakumosa west neighborhood government impact by sex while shaping gatherings. 

- what number classifications of associate gathering exist to the essential schools chose for a reason for the examination. 

- What are the arrangement of distinguished issue because of understudy having a place with a specific associate gatherings. 

1.3. Speculation 

- There is no hugeness connection between amass impact and scholastic accomplishment of understudies. 

- The understudies in essential schools don't impact in any capacity by their companions. 

- There is no connection between peer gathering and scholarly execution of understudies. 

- Students in essential schools in Atakumosa west neighborhood government are impact by sex while shaping gatherings. 

- There are distinctive classifications of associate gatherings in essential school chose with the end goal of the exploration. 

- There are numerous and fluctuated answer for recognized issues because of understudy having a place with a specific companion gathering. 

1.4. Motivation behind THE STUDY 

It appears that the connection between peer gathering and scholastic accomplishment is dubious. Almost all the examination takes a shot at it depended on western culture which are totally not the same as the way of life of underdeveloped nation like Nigeria since peer gather contrast among various societies. One can't say much in regards to the effect of companion aggregate on understudies scholarly accomplishment in Nigeria without completing some examination. 

The motivation behind this examination is to discover the idea of the relationship of companion aggregate impact on scholastic accomplishment of understudies in Atakumosa west nearby legislature of Osun state. 

The examination plans to analyze the connection between bunch impact and scholarly accomplishment of understudies. It is to see whether understudies in essential schools in Atakumosa west nearby government are really impact in any capacity by their companions. At the end of the day endeavor would be made to see whether there is any connection between peer assemble impact on scholastic accomplishment of the understudies. 

It is further to see whether the understudies are impact by sex while shaping gatherings. It will likewise explore the different classifications of companion bunches in the chose fundamental schools. 

At long last, to propose conceivable suggestion for arrangement of any issue that may emerge because of an understudy having a place with the specific associate gathering. 

1.5. Essentialness OF THE STUDY 

The examination work is critical to the educationist specifically and the people when all is said in done. Educationist will have the capacity to analyze any passionate issues and recommend suitable cure by exploring the causes starting from home and the companion gathering. Instructors will likewise know that sufficiently given learning materials love, consideration and indisputable condition understudies with awful gathering could coexist well with others educators will hence endeavor to focus on these regions. 

The guardians too will welcome the benefit of giving the requirements, love and consideration towards their kids instructive accomplishment. It will likewise go about as a pointer for instructive chairmen who are keen on assessing the instructive atmosphere in fundamental schools and confirming that resources advance successful drifting and realizing with the goal that exertion may be intended for reproducing these conditions. 

1.6. Extension AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 

Atakumosa west nearby government is one of the current thirty (30) neighborhood government in Osun state in the southern western Nigeria. 

Atakumosa west nearby government was made on third May 1989 by righteousness of elected military government decree with head quarters at Osu. It is limited in the north by Ife nearby government, Ilesa neighborhood government in the west; Atakumosa East nearby government in the east. The significant towns in Atakumosa west nearby government are Osu, Ibodi, Iwara, Itagunmodi, Isa-Obi. 

1.7 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS 

Companion GROUP: Ausubel (1958) characterizes peer amass as A gathering of individuals typically comparative age foundation and societal position with whom a man partners and who are probably going to impact the people conviction and practices impact 

This has been characterized by cutting edge students word reference as energy to influence some individual's character, conviction, or activity through case fear, organization, so impact implies how the companions influences the character, conviction or activity of their mate through their affiliation. 

Scholarly ACHIEVEMENT 

Olowe (1979) characterizes scholarly as the demonstration of concentrate in the schools while accomplishment is the individual scores in an examination. 

Subsequently, scholarly accomplishment perhaps characterized as the execution of understudies their investigations.

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